Chemistry – Basic Concepts

Chemistry – Basic Concepts

Chemistry is a branch of science concerned with the characteristics, structure, and composition of substances, the changes they experience and the energy during these transformations is emitted or consumed. Each material consists of several of the hundred-odd varieties of the atom which have been classified as elements, either found naturally or created artificially.

We come across many terms, such as atoms, molecules, electrons, protons, neutrons, bond formation and many more, as we think about chemistry. To understand chemistry, many questions, we have to ask ourselves who discovered the electrons, what are atoms, and many more.

Basics of Chemistry

The explanation that chemistry influences all that we do is that it is possible to break apart almost anything in life into essential chemical components. Chemical elements that are materials consisting of a single atom that are the fundamental basic building block in chemistry. Each compound, consisting of a fixed number of electrons, neutrons and protons, is specific and is known by a title and a chemical emblem.

In the periodic table, scientists have identified the elements so far are classified and include all elements found in nature — examples: oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, etc. And those that were formed by man, for example, Lawrencium.

The Five Branches of Chemistry

The five main branches of chemistry are

●     Analytical Chemistry

Analytical chemistry includes chemical analysis; it is an essential part of qualitative approaches such as examining variations in colour and quantitative data such as analysing the specific wavelength of light consumed by a chemical to contribute to colour change.

●     Biochemistry

Biochemistry uses chemical strategies to explain how biological processes function at the chemical level. Scientists have been able to map out the human genome, learn what various proteins are doing in the body and build treatments for several illnesses, due to biochemistry.

●     Inorganic Chemistry

The chemical compounds in inorganic or non-living stuff like minerals and metals are studied in inorganic chemistry. The Historic definition of inorganic chemistry is that which does not include carbon. However, this description is not entirely correct. A few carbon-containing compounds are also identified in inorganic chemistry.

●     Physical Chemistry

While explaining how chemistry works, physical chemistry uses physics principles—beginning to figure out how atoms move and communicate with others, for instance, or why certain liquids, like water, convert to vapour at high temperatures. At the basis of atoms or molecules, physical chemists attempt to explain these processes on a quite small scale, draw conclusions on how chemical processes operate, and their certain special properties.

●     Organic Chemistry

Organic chemistry mainly focused on carbon-containing organic molecules. Organic chemists examine the structure, composition, activities and interactions of compounds containing certain non-carbon components, like hydrogen, silicon and sulphur, together with carbon.

In organic chemistry, chemical bond formation is an important topic. The strong attraction between two atoms forms the chemical bonds. Chemical bonds are made when electrons in individual atoms bind with one another to create a more stable connection than when atoms are separate. If substances are included in chemical bonds and a new product is produced, the resulting compound’s stability can be determined by the type of chemical bonds it includes.

The form of chemical bonds produced differs in strength and characteristics. There are four primary forms of chemical bonds to create compounds that are —covalent bond, ionic bond, polar bond and hydrogen bond. When we study various kind of bonds, the question arises, which is the strongest bond and how will they form.


The analysis of matter and the modifications it undergoes is known as chemistry and considers both macro and microscopic knowledge. Everything that has mass and fills space is matter. Many earlier chemical studies focused on practical application. During the 19th century, fundamental chemistry theories were established. A couple of the results of modern chemistry include batteries and new substance.